Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. On the other side there was a garden, and he and his disciples went into it. said--This seems to imply that He saw the attempt to draw Him into self-crimination, and resented it by falling back upon the right of every accused party to have some charge laid against Him by competent witnesses. Home >> Bible Studies >> John >> John 18 These small group studies of John contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. "And he went out into the porch [thinking, perhaps, to steal away], and the cock crew," ( Mark 14:68 ). JESUS BEFORE ANNAS AND CAIAPHAS--FALL OF PETER. (13-27) Christ before Pilate. I have told you that I am He: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way--Wonderful self-possession, and consideration for others, in such circumstances! 9. John 18:33-37 . 23. In it, Pontius Pilate questions Jesus ' claim that he is "witness to the truth" (John 18:37). And led him away--"In that hour," says Matthew ( Matthew 26:55 Matthew 26:56 ), and probably now, on the way to judgment. Christ was buried also in a garden. But as the usages of the Jews appear to have somewhat varied at different times, and our present knowledge of them is not sufficient to clear up all difficulties, they are among the not very important questions which probably will never be entirely solved. of But in 18:15, 16, 19, and 22 Annas is called high priest. The impudence of this atrocious deed shows how thoroughly he had by this time mastered all his scruples. "And Jesus said unto him, Friend"--not the endearing term "friend" (in John 15:15 ), but "companion," a word used on occasions of remonstrance or rebuke (as in Matthew 20:13 , 22:12 )--"Wherefore art thou come?" It is often referred to as "jesting Pilate " or " What is truth? 3. Jesus . The high priest . But who can tell what lightning flashes of wounded love and piercing reproach shot from that "look" through the eye of Peter into his heart! To his bonds we owe our liberty; thus the Son makes us free. Christ gave an account of the nature of his kingdom. If the Jews had judged him by their law, he had been stoned; crucifying never was used among the Jews. asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine--probably to entrap Him into some statements which might be used against Him at the trial. 1 John 4:18 âThere is no fear in love. . When we search the Scriptures, and attend the ministry of the word, it must be with this inquiry, What is truth? Peter, to keep it from despair, to work in it "repentance unto salvation not to be repented of," and at length, under other healing touches, to "restore his soul?". John 18:6. Then all the disciples forsook Him and fled" ( Matthew 26:56 )--thus fulfilling His prediction ( 14:27 , John 16:32 ). ( Matthew 26:50 ). John 15:18(NASB) Verse Thoughts. 3 And they will do these things a because they have not known the Father , nor me . 6. 39. 27. The one who fears is not made perfect in love.â Explanation and Commentary of 1 John 4:18. . 38. . 16. EXEGESIS: JOHN 18-19. a band of men--"the detachment of the Roman cohort on duty at the festival for the purpose of maintaining order" [WEBSTER and WILKINSON]. 34. . Simon Peter followed Jesus--Natural though this was, and safe enough, had he only "watched and prayed that he enter not into temptation," as his Master bade him ( Matthew 26:41 ), it was, in his case, a fatal step. and . He never took upon him any earthly power, never were any traitorous principles or practices laid to him. One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman, whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him--No doubt his relationship to Malchus drew attention to the man who smote him, and this enabled him to identify Peter. The revelation of the eternal truth alone was able to breathe new life into ruined human nature, and that in the apprehension of complete redemption" [OLSHAUSEN]. His wishing to "see the end," of issue of these proceedings, was what led him into the palace, for he evidently feared the worst. BETRAYAL AND APPREHENSION OF JESUS. Art thou a king then?--There was no sarcasm or disdain in this question (as THOLUCK, ALFORD, and others, allege), else our Lord's answer would have been different. 21. Matthew continues--"But all this was done that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. It is a cup that is given us; sufferings are gifts. It was unjust to put one to death who had done so much good, therefore the Jews were willing to save themselves from reproach. But in Luke 22:58 it is said, "After a little while" (from the time of the first denial), "another [man] saw him, and said, Thou art also of them." Peterâs First Denial (). And He answered him to never a word, insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly" ( Matthew 27:13 Matthew 27:14 ). It must have been the effect of Divine power, that the officers and soldiers let the disciples go away quietly, after the resistance which had been offered. This might have been considered a fulfilment of Psalm 27:2, Î¿á¼± Î¸Î»Î¯Î²Î¿Î½ÏÎÏ Î¼Îµ â¦ á¼ÏÎµÏÎ±Î½. . bethinks himself of the expedient of sending Him to Herod, in the hope of thereby further shaking off responsibility in the case. John 18:13-27 . Let us, when we walk in our gardens, take occasion from thence to mediate on Christ's sufferings in a garden. "But how then shall the scripture be fulfilled that thus it must be?" . Why askest thou me? they know what I . John 18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. "His demeanor and timidity, which must have vividly showed themselves, as it so generally happens, leading to the recognition of him" [OLSHAUSEN]. . and fell to the ground--struck down by a power such as that which smote Saul of Tarsus and his companions to the earth ( Acts 26:14 ). Many scholars have dismissed these references as mistakes on the part of both Luke and John, but as mentioned above, John 11:49 and 18:13 indicate that John knew that Caiaphas was high priest in the year that Jesus was crucified. It is determined concerning us, though not discovered to us, what death we shall die: this should free us from disquiet about that matter. The other Evangelists make his detection to turn upon his dialect. And remembering the Saviour's own words at the table, "Simon, Simon, Satan hath desired to have you that he may sift you as wheat, but I have prayed [rather, 'I prayed'] for thee that thy faith fail not" may we not say that this prayer fetched down all that there was in that 'look' to pierce and break the heart of. Christ answered this question with another; not for evasion, but that Pilate might consider what he did. "And the chief priests accused Him of many things, but He answered nothing ( Mark 15:3 ). We would be greatly impoverished if we did not have the Gospel of John. . 2 Judas, the betrayer, knew this place, because Jesus had often gone there with his disciples. Then said Pilate unto Him, Hearest Thou not how many things they witness against Thee? upon him, went forth--from the shade of the trees, probably, into open view, indicating His sublime preparedness to meet His captors. John 18 . That the saying might be fulfilled which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none--The reference is to such sayings as John 6:39 , 17:12 ; showing how conscious the Evangelist was, that in reporting his Lord's former sayings, he was giving them not in substance merely, but in form also. His very life is the Light of all humankind. when the crowds were pressing upon Him, "said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief, with swords and staves, for to take Me"--expressive of the indignity which He felt to be thus done to Him--"I sat daily with you in the temple, and ye laid no hold on Me. . That the saying . Art thou not also one of his disciples?--In Matthew 26:71 the second charge was made by "another maid, when he was gone out into the porch," who "saw him, and said unto them that were there, This [fellow] was also with Jesus of Nazareth." Luke is more graphic ( Luke 22:56 )--She "beheld him as he sat by the fire (literally, 'the light'), and earnestly looked on him (fixed her gaze upon him), and said." "When she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him and said" ( Mark 14:67 ). . knew the place, for Jesus ofttimes--see John 8:1 , Luke 21:37 . It is to this that Paul alludes, in those remarkable words to Timothy: "I charge thee before God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, who, in the presence of Pontius Pilate, witnessed the good confession" ( 1 Timothy 6:13 ). Its object and design are not worldly. . We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Observe, also, how the preservation of the disciples on this occasion is viewed as part that deeper preservation undoubtedly intended in the saying quoted. But it unfolds the design of his death; that he died as a Sacrifice for our sins. and with this prayer, Lead me in thy truth; into all truth. 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. This was THE FIRST DENIAL. These are questions which have occasioned immense research and learned treatises. John 18. 1 After saying these things, Jesus crossed the Kidron Valley with his disciples and entered a grove of olive trees. 26. Pilate went out to them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?--State your charge. Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the. If a call to expose ourselves to danger be clear, we may hope God will enable us to honour him; if it be not, we may fear that God will leave us to shame ourselves. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. It was the glorious effulgence of the majesty of Christ which overpowered them. (The full complement of a legion of Roman soldiers was six thousand). We shall find even in this part of it, the general character of that which is related in this Gospel (according to all that we have seen in it), that the events bring out the personal glory of the Lord. And when he had said this--as if, by putting such a question, he was getting into interminable and unseasonable inquiries, when this business demanded rather prompt action. Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?--This expresses both the feelings which struggled in the Lord's breast during the Agony in the garden--aversion to the cup viewed in itself, but, in the light of the Father's will, perfect preparedness to drink it. took Jesus--but not till He had made them feel that "no man took His life from Him, but that He laid it down of Himself.". 2. The blow of Peter was evidently aimed vertically at his head" [WEBSTER and WILKINSON]. (John 18:37-38a) Part of John's core testimony is that Jesus is himself God's truth for us -- and his truth is as inescapable for us as it was for Pilate. If the dialogue between our Lord and His captors was before this, as some interpreters think it was, the kiss of Judas was purely gratuitous, and probably to make good his right to the money; our Lord having presented Himself unexpectedly before them, and rendered it unnecessary for any one to point Him out. (The Jewish mode in such cases as this was by stoning). John being "known to the high priest" ( John 18:15 ), the mention of the servant's name by him is quite natural, and an interesting mark of truth in a small matter. Then, in John 18 through 21, then, we go back to a public ministry. knowing all things that should come--were coming. "And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny Me thrice. might be fulfilled which he spake, signifying what death he should die--that is, by crucifixion ( John 12:32 John 12:33 , Matthew 20:19 ); which being a Roman mode of execution, could only be carried into effect by order of the governor. Yet, instead of saying, He came to be a King, which is His meaning, He says He came to testify to the truth. This was THE THIRD DENIAL. They answered . Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priestâs courtyard, 16 but Peter had to wait outside at the door. In the center of this court the "fire" would be kindled (in a brazier). is my kingdom not from hence--Our Lord only says whence His kingdom is not--first simply affirming it, next giving proof of it, then reaffirming it. Weâre in the Gospel of John 21âlast chapter, Daveâ and weâre going to pick up with verse 18, âVerily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou was young, thou girdest thyself, and walkedst wither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee wither thou wouldest not. another disciple--Rather, "the other disciple"--our Evangelist himself, no doubt. "Sad reprisals!" 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