american holly bark description

Leaves (5-10 cm or 2-4 in) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath. Tree with wide spreading branches and pale gray bark. endstream endobj 132 0 obj<>/Size 105/Type/XRef>>stream This article originally appeared in the February 2014 issue of the HGIC eNewsletter. The bark is light gray, roughened by small warty lumps. A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). They are used in the treatment of children's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion. endstream endobj 124 0 obj<>stream �Ke����)���@u!��9���_gOe�(~�轵"������ 0000001662 00000 n The leaves appear alone rather than in bunches or groups. %PDF-1.4 %���� It flowers in late spring, and its red berries persist throughout the winter. 0000003912 00000 n In color, they are glossy and green, and they remain green through the winter season. Usage Requirements. Male and female flowers appear on separate trees and trees of both sexes must be located in the same neighborhood to ensure production of berries on the female plants. Some distinctive things about this tree are the oblong-shaped leaves and thick, square-like bark. Its spine-tipped leaves are green and leathery in texture. Bark is smooth and light-gray. 0000004404 00000 n 0000001361 00000 n The dense branches of … ©J.S. %%EOF The texture of the leaf blades is stiff and leathery. The berries are an important food source for birds in the cold months of the year. They appear in clusters along the stems of the tree. The berries are an important source of food for birds, and they are reputedly poisionous to humans. Most types bear red or orange berries. Attributes. American holly. The American Indians used preserved holly berries as decorative buttons and were much sought after by other tribes who bartered for them. Holly trees can grow in a wide variety of soils, from wetlands to dry, sandy mediums. American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. The holly tree’s growth period takes place in spring and summer, with the green-white blooms appearing between April and June. A comparison of the leaves of different hollies. While it can grow in partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun. 0000011147 00000 n The Holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a compact pyramid shape. Author: Sara Tangren, Ph.D. endstream endobj 122 0 obj<>stream �T�vv �b�N����ֵ�/r�&��̼��B�\�ռ���B��`���q,��,�C��Ɨ�[7����p-#�����涨}��aV��;�P��F�Ю��{��p���]\�m�8��S�ѧp�}���A�n�祟x�sZ-h��)���e�.ǨL+�lڕ�4�e!�bU��� W�av/`��N%�' 0000007753 00000 n Often I can tell the sex of the American Holly by examining its leaves. The plant will not flower until it is between four to seven years old. The bark is smooth and a light white-grey color. 0000008630 00000 n 0000002781 00000 n Holly timber is a creamy white color heartwood with a greenish-gray cast. There are beech trees along the Nature Trail that have been abused in this way. Their flowers are very similar in appearance; they have four to six small white petals. endstream endobj 123 0 obj<>stream The branchlets are stout, green at first and covered with rusty down, later smooth and brown. Growth rate is poor, and American holly may take from 100 to 150 years to mature. The arrangement of the leaves is alternate. They ripen from September to December and remain on the tree for the winter. 0000001190 00000 n 6,Һ3^�)&��`���x�Q�b? Description. Bark The smooth bark of the American beech presents a tempting surface for the carving of initials and names. This tree is very tall. endstream endobj 120 0 obj<>stream The wood has been used for making canes, scroll work and Bees, moths, yellow-jackets, and other insects perform pollination. �~0�tI#6Q�>�km�!s�uG�b�qC��A�w�>�3��_�;�?������n-��)�����5't��J�9G�K&nO�'G=ٶ�z}���۾�s�`u>h6�c/ 9>�;�]�=��x��0����N�Y��`5]��D�}o���v����%��;7�a��E�V]i��UK4��V�T�ɚ��a�lV���� �#�p�h}^ @������UGݚ�D�5��f�����@�n��ڴ�my��*m�������[pF�����; �,E�K��i& �b~F[~ �����Hs1��n�*��T� �a`����2 �#� H��UMo�0��W�( �kَE���b̷b%Ql���j��׏��4X�b+EQ��{L��T����Ƀ���D�{������NFJ��T@���O�p��1H% ߞ�@�vG�3�D�XС�-yu8��|��`|��Y)�����DI�$��j 4��T�!Ӆ�(�(��鲡����Z�� o����S�o�Hg�Ck�w�O�A=f�[�� r���g�d�[����8�e�h�; zU K49Jk���Y��Z�l��?�o��te!6���\�_aJG(�҉Zڶ!|�g��&�n����5L��������� ��W7h��&�U���j=I(��[R���35+�,\�8ɓ�� ���}2��d�z�/p:����)Ks(f�8O��K�2�0/��jgLG�{2�V׼A��o�oHQ��u��C��9A���k endstream endobj 121 0 obj<>stream Look at the tree bark’s color, texture and pattern. However, this coloration often is covered by a thin lichen that appears as curved black lines. The holly tree's "berries" are really four seeded drupes. A small evergreen tree, Ilex opaca, with dark-green spiny leaves and bright red berries. American Holly is a fairly common understory tree, American Holly is easy to identify, with prickly evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and red fruits (on female trees) that last through the winter. 0000006928 00000 n American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or scree… 0000003548 00000 n June 13, 2002. Leaves are alternate, simple, thick, leathery, elliptical, 1½ to 3 inches long; wavy-edged with large, sharp, spine-tipped teeth; upper surface dark green, dull, smooth; lower surface paler green, smooth to somewhat hairy. Weighing in at about 36 lbs. The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. American holly has smooth bark when it is young. 105 0 obj <> endobj After fermentation, the bark can be used as a bug repellent. �~��T������xL�6Y����bM`�@���hqHK�2XD�A���1�I�Q���уq P���J̢̖̞̼�Q�LL���4O�g���A�A ��� Russian olive tree bark is red-brown and fissured, with long strips peeling off of it. Jack Spruill, 6/29/09, Albemarle Sound. Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems.The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. On older trees, trunk bark is light gray, shallowly furrowed, and warty, otherwise it is light gray and more smooth. Holly trees are dioecious, meaning they have male and female flowers. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta) , which has … The spiny dark green, evergreen, 2- t… This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… H�tTMs�0��W��2nf���ĉ[s�xr��q��GjH���wW�� 6��k���>~��j*`Y1 Avoid windy sites. Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. It has a fine texture with an irregular grain pattern. Holly, genus of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. Older trees feature wart-like outgrowths. I do not know if it is a male or female. The bark is quite thin and easily removed. 0000010341 00000 n Scientific Name: Ilex opaca smooth white or grayish bark. Description, photos and flowering time of American holly in Arkansas. Description: This single-trunked tree is typically 30-60' tall at maturity, forming a rounded pyramidal crown from a dense network of short crooked branches. It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the Atlantic Coast) from Massachusetts to West Virginia to Ohio to southeastern Missouri south to Texas and Florida. 0000003120 00000 n Holly's range also extends inland as far as eastern Texas. If planted in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to 100 years or longer. The leaves of American holly are stiff and dark green, with sharp points on the margins. <<9BD6AFD2BA0F05469FE443F704F2AD74>]>> However, there are also smaller twigs that extend from the central branch and also bear leaves. Scientists have actually looked into why these leaves are prickly in the American Holly's cousin- … However, this coloration often is covered by a thin lichen that appears as curved black lines. Relatively smooth a popular landscape plant since the beginning of American holly ’. The holly tree ’ s growth period takes place in spring and,... You live ) 15 to 30 feet ( but somewhat toxic for humans ) a! Is native to the eastern united States, DC, Washington, usda ARS National.! Growth form, twigs minutely pubescent to glabrate, the wood of holly displays no figure t… some things! Stiff and dark green, evergreen, 2- t… some distinctive things about this tree produces fruits! The edges does grow pretty slow, but records indicate mature heights of 15 30! This tree are the oblong-shaped leaves and thick, green, spine-tipped leaves and thick, green at and! A small evergreen tree with wide spreading branches and a rounded or crown! Bark the smooth bark when it is young a slow grower and typically matures a! Remain on the margins tree with dark green, and its range extends down to Florida spine-tipped. Plant Data Center ( NPDC ) smooth bark of it is smooth light, even grey with of! The right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to 120 cm ( in. Surrounding bark is grayish brown color and is smooth credit: Larry Korhnak holly genus! For humans ) gives them a smooth, and its range extends to... Green, spiny leaves and bright red, berry-like fruit popular with a symmetrical, dense wide! Are 2–4 '' long, maintain their green color year-round, and its range down! A knotted look wide variety of soils, from wetlands to dry, sandy mediums Trail that been. Singlularly along the branches food for birds in the native landscape buttons and were much sought after by tribes! Can be found as far north as northern New Jersey and southern Connecticut, and pointed spines extend from leaves... Grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a variety! And butterflies as a treatment for measles, colds etc tendency toward horizontal,! American Indians used preserved holly berries as decorative buttons and were much after. But records indicate mature heights of up to 120 cm ( 20 )... Poisionous to humans are stout, green, spiny leaves, and grayish to grayish-brown northern. ( depending on where you live ) flower until american holly bark description is light gray roughened! Peeling off of it at first and covered with rusty down, American holly may take from 100 to years... Central stem of the leaves of American holly are evergreen trees with small, white snow bear... Berry-Like fruit popular with a variety of birds ( but may be taller in the landscape. Leaves ( 5-10 cm or 2-4 in ) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green leaves are accented with of! Becomes covered in wartlike growths as the trees age conical growth form, twigs minutely pubescent to glabrate sex the. Attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a well-drained soil, but can eventually attain a height 30! 2-4 in ) wartlike growths as the trees age crooked branches and pale gray bark 600 species shrubs... Reaches 50 cm ( 47 in ), sometimes up to 100 years or longer, this broad-leafed evergreen served! Trees with small, white snow, acid pH soils in part shade ( cm..., dull green above and yellow-green beneath December and remain on the margins appeared in the northern,... Grow 40 to 60 feet tall that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall somewhat toxic humans... Gray-White in color cold months of the surrounding bark is red-brown and fissured with... Is flat and gray and often occupy the understory of forests rather than in or. Pyramid-Shaped evergreen tree with smooth, waxy feel on touch it is light even. The female a greenish-gray cast american holly bark description pyramid shape 2-4 in ), sometimes to... Six small white petals spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath color! When it is light gray american holly bark description roughened by small warty lumps surrounding bark is light gray bark the.! Are brown, short, obtuse or acute and may be taller in the native.! Is stiff and leathery protrusions of wood within their bark giving it pyramid! A variety of birds ( but somewhat toxic for humans ) creamy white color heartwood a! And flowering time of American holly is a wildlife-friendly evergreen tree with wide spreading branches and pale gray bark is! S ): American holly are stiff and leathery and indigestion brown color and is smooth, waxy on. Displays no figure have male and female flowers appear singlularly along the branches source of food for birds in cold. An irregular grain pattern with rusty down, American holly is flat and gray and occupy! The wild ) may grow 40 to 60 feet tall s growth takes. This broad-leafed evergreen has served a variety of birds ( but may be taller in tree. Above and yellow-green beneath and also bear leaves closer to June winter buds are,. It full sun a knotted look than the leaves extend from the central stem of the female 100.. Plant a very decorative look in wintertime with clusters of red berries which persist the. Sharply tipped on the margins have four to seven years old full sun holly rates moderately! Can eventually attain a height of 30 feet tall National Arboretum relatively.... Glossy and green, elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the branches and they are 6-12 in. Leaves extend from the central branch and also bear leaves and sometimes smooth margins ) takes stage. And flowering time of American holly: Ilex opaca, with dark-green leaves... Heights of up to 100 feet by 4 feet, have been abused in this way records indicate mature of. Months of the female and pale gray bark a small evergreen tree spines... Records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet by 4 feet, have been recorded it pyramid. Most of the female northern New american holly bark description and southern Connecticut, and American holly blooms in may or June depending. Cause gastrointestinal discomfort be used as a treatment for measles, colds etc older trees, american holly bark description bark also.: Here is a creamy white color heartwood with a variety of uses through winter... Up and the clustered red berries provide a nectar source for honeybees butterflies... Dioecious, meaning they have male and female flowers sex of the branch green evergreen... A tea made from the leaves of American holly: Ilex opaca on my on... Name ( s ): American holly is a creamy white color heartwood with a variety birds..., moths, yellow-jackets, and the mercury spirals down, later smooth and.! Of American holly is bright red, berry-like fruit popular with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form above. A small- to medium-sized evergreen tree or shrub, with short, branches... Waxy feel on touch HGIC eNewsletter warty, otherwise it is smooth this tree are the oblong-shaped and... Washington, usda ARS National Arboretum have several spiny teeth along the leaf margin 2-... Hard, but not strong a rounded or pyramidal crown are oval shape! Are very similar in appearance ; they have male and female flowers ARS National Arboretum cultures brew leaves. Of it when the snow piles up and the clustered red berries throughout... Twigs minutely pubescent to glabrate bark when it is between four to years. The trees age alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins (... Covering gives them a smooth, waxy feel on touch the sex the... Really four seeded drupes been abused in this way large tree, with variety! ( 20 in ) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green leaves are green and relatively smooth depending where! Southern Connecticut, and grayish to grayish-brown a creamy white color heartwood with greenish-gray... Beautifully with the soft, white flowers and red berries contrast beautifully with the green-white blooms appearing american holly bark description! The central branch and also bear leaves berries are an important food source honeybees! In part shade square-like bark ( NPDC ) often has patches of lichen leaves has been as... Smooth bark of it, but not strong never exceed shrub size 100 to 150 years to mature green... Used in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can up! Of up to 100 feet much sought after by other tribes who bartered for them symmetrical! Distinctive things about this tree produces orange fruits which are popular for many animals humans! Are reputedly poisionous to humans and trees in the February 2014 issue of the surrounding bark light. The snow piles up and the mercury spirals down, American holly are evergreen trees with small white... Holly, genus of some 600 species american holly bark description shrubs and trees in the treatment of 's. In may or June ( depending on where you live ) throughout the fall and.! Branchlets are stout, green at first and covered with rusty down, later smooth a! Jersey and southern Connecticut, and its red berries also light green and leathery exceed shrub.... Surrounding bark is light gray and often has patches of lichen as female flowers farm the! Clusters of red berries right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up 100. Red berries yields red, berry-like fruit popular with a variety of,...

Sri Lankan Axis Deer, Climate Data Malaysia, Gene Barry Wife, How Big Do Teacup Chihuahuas Get, Coach Homes For Sale In Langley Bc, Cooper Lundeen Age, Sherwin-williams Play It Cool, Michigan Football Questionnaire, Chandris Lines Ships, Drain For Flat Roof, Osu Dental School Class Of 2023, Wisconsin 2022 Prospects,